If there’s an Asian city that’s truly a cultural melting pot, it would be Singapore. And the biggest indication of this is the fact that there are 4 official languages on the island: English, Mandarin, Malay, and Tamil.
While this means that you can always default to English in case words fail, you’ll also find that learning a local phrase or two can go a long way.
If you have an upcoming trip to Singapore, then you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ve put together 50 of the most helpful phrases to use when getting around Singapore.
Basic Chinese Phrases and Words
The Chinese are the largest ethinic group in Singapore, so it shouldn’t be a surprise to know that the majority of locals can speak Mandarin. Knowing a little bit of Mandarin will surely impress the locals, and can get you out of confusing situations!
Before we proceed, let’s talk a bit about pinyin first.
Essentially, pinyin uses the Latin alphabet to show you how Chinese words are pronounced. For instance, 我 is pronounced as wŏ.
The tone markings you see represent the pitch of your voice when pronouncing the vowel. This is important because mispronouncing words can cause misunderstanding.
Not sure how to pronounce these tone markings? Check out this video below:
It does take a bit of practice to get used to, but don’t fret. Locals are very understanding with foreigners!
We’ve also included a rough pronunciation guide next to the pinyin below, just to give you an idea of how words should be pronounced. So without further ado, let’s get right into it!
1. Hello — Nǐ hǎo (nee-how)
This is the most basic and commonly used Mandarin phrase to greet people. “Nǐ hǎo” literally translates to “you good.”
2. How are you? — Nǐ hǎo ma? (nee-how-ma)
Once you know how to say “hello” in Mandarin, then it should be easy to remember “how are you?” Simply add “ma” at the end to indicate that it is a question.
3. Good morning — Zǎo ān / zǎo (tsao-ahn)
This is the most casual way of greeting someone in the morning. You can also use this as a substitute for “hello.”
4. Goodbye — Zài jiàn (tsai-chian)
This is the standard way of saying goodbye to someone. Alternatively, you can also say “bái bái,” which is literally how you pronounce “bye-bye.”
5. Good night — Wǎn ān (wan-ahn)
You can also say this as an alternative to “goodbye” during evenings, although it is more often used in a formal context.
6. Yes — Shì de (sheh-tuh)
To answer affirmatively, use this phrase. In this context, “shì” means “yes” while “de” is used for emphasis.
7. No — Bù shì (poo-sheh)
Once you know how to say “shì,” this one should come easy. Simply add “bù” at the beginning to say that something is incorrect.
8. Thank you — Xièxiè (shie-shie)
Here’s another polite phrase that everyone should know. You can also add “nin” (meaning “you”) at the end in more formal contexts.
9. You’re welcome — Bú kèqì (poo-kuh-chee)
This is the most common way of saying you’re welcome. It literally means “don’t be polite.”
10. I’m sorry — Duìbùqǐ (twei-poo-chee)
This is another polite phrase that will come in handy in situations where you’ve made a mistake or did something wrong.
Essential Chinese Phrases for Travellers
Here are more travel-specific phrases that will help you get around Singapore.
11. Excuse me, where is…? — Qǐngwèn _____ zài nǎlǐ? (ching-wuhn…tsai-na-lee)
This sentence pattern is the most basic one to ask someone for directions. Insert the name of your destination before “zài nǎlǐ,” which literally means “where?”
For example, “Qǐngwèn, Bugis Junction zài nǎlǐ?”
On that note, you can also use “qǐngwèn” as a general opener when you approach someone for questions. It’s simply more polite that way.
12. How do I get to…? — _____ zěnme qù？(…chuh-muh-chee)
Here’s another way of asking for directions. Similar to the previous sentence pattern, simply say the name of your destination first.
13. Where is the bathroom? —Xĭ shŏu jiàn zài nǎlǐ? (see-sow-chien-tsai-na-lee)
This literally translates to “where is the hand-washing room?” To improve your chances of being understood, you can also imitate the action of washing your hands.
14. How much? — Duō shǎo qián? (twuh-shao-chien)
Use this phrase in case there’s no written price on an item. Normally, people use this phrase in street markets.
15. Can you speak English? — Nǐ huì shuō Yīngyǔ ma? (nee-huey-swo-eeng-yee-ma)
Switching to English instead of talking to someone in English straight away is a more courteous way of approaching people. If you have trouble communicating in Chinese, you can use this when asking someone for directions or general questions.
Luckily, the majority of locals know how to communicate in basic English, just in case your attempts at speaking Chinese fall through!
16. I don’t understand — Tīng bù dǒng (ting-poo-tong)
Can’t keep up with locals who speak Mandarin at lightning speeds? Politely tell them that you don’t understand, followed by “Nǐ huì shuō Yīngyǔ ma?”
17. Can you lower the price? — Kěyǐ piányí yīdiǎn ma? (kuh-yee-pien-yee-ee-tien-ma)
Haggling is a normal part of Chinese culture, so might as well put those bargaining skills to the test! If you find yourself exploring night markets, it’s a common practise to always ask for lower prices before purchasing an item right off the bat.
18. I’m just looking — Wǒ kàn yīxià (woh-kahn-ee-syah)
Tired of salespeople trying to hard-sell a product to you? Use this if you prefer to be left in peace while you shop and look around.
19. I’ll take this one — Wǒyào zhège (woh-yao-chuh-kuh)
So now that you’ve decided to purchase an item, you can use this to tell a salesperson that you’re ready for payment.
20. Check, please — Mǎidān! (My-tahn)
You can say this to a waiter in a restaurant after a satisfying meal.
The Ultimate Singlish Guide
So now that you know a bit more about one of Singapore’s official languages, what next? You learn how to speak the unofficial language, of course!
Singlish is a unique mix of English, Mandarin, Hokkien, Malay, Tamil, and Teochew. If that’s not enough to make you scratch your head, then just you wait until you actually hear the locals speaking it.
Picking up some local phrases can be a fun way to break the ice with Singaporeans. In fact, using it correctly can also make a good impression.
Whether you want to speak like a local or simply want to understand what the locals are saying, we’re here to help you make sense of it all. So, let’s start lah!
No list of essential Singlish phrases is complete without “lah.” Basically, this is a suffix that emphasizes a preceding word or phrase, and can be used in almost any context.
Surprised? Disappointed? Exasperated? Or simply neutral? Just use “lah,” lah.
Example: “It’s too expensive lah!”
If there’s another Singlish term that you must know, it’s “can,” which simply means “to be able to.” The opposite of that, as you can guess, is “not.”
Example: “Can you take me to the airport?” “Can.”
This is a softer version of “lah” often used to show uncertainty.
Example: “I’m not sure what time she’s arriving leh.”
If that’s not confusing enough, you can also add “lor” to the equation. This is used to convey acceptance or resignation.
Example: “I lost my wallet so I had to walk back home lor.”
This is used to call someone’s attention, which can be likened to “hey!”
Example: “Eh, do you want to get lunch?”
Use this term to express approval or admiration. Think of “shiok” as a substitute for “cool” or “great!”
Example: “This new mall is so shiok!”
Here’s another term that you may have encountered at least once. “Kiasu” is a Hokkien word that literally translates to “fear of losing.”
In Singapore, locals use “kiasu” to criticise someone’s selfish or rude behaviour.
Example: “She took the last piece of cake, how kiasu!”
This is another Hokkien term that denotes shame or embarrassment. It’s usually followed by a request or an excuse over something.
Example: “Paiseh, I didn’t have time to clean.”
Now, this would come in handy when you’re in a hawker centre. “Chope” is the practise of placing invaluable objects like tissue papers to informally reserve a table.
Example: “Chope this table before someone takes it.”
A Hokkien term that literally means crazy.
Example: “Why wear a winter coat in this heat? Siao ah!”
Here’s another example of a term that you can use in hawker centres. Use this if you wish to order food for takeaway.
Example: “Auntie, one chicken rice, tabao.”
32. Bo jio
If you know what FOMO is, then you’ll find that “bo jio” means the same thing. This Hokkien phrase literally means not getting an invitation, often used by the person who wasn’t invited in an event.
Example: “My parents went to Australia and bo jio me!”
This is a Malay word used to convey shock or surprise, much like “oh my gosh!”
Example: “Alamak! I left my phone at home!”
Use auntie or uncle to address elders out of respect. This is often used to address shop owners or hawker vendors.
Example: “Auntie, can I get one laksa?”
Here’s another versatile word you can use to emphasize your point or to express disagreement. Depending on the context, it can also be used to correct a statement.
Example: “This is a bad deal what, other shops sell it cheaper.”
This Malay word refers to someone or something that’s upscale or high class. Sometimes, it’s also used to describe someone as arrogant or snobbish.
Example: “I don’t have money to dine at this atas restaurant, maybe next time.”
37. Catch no ball
Taken from a Hokkien expression “liak bo kiu,” this phrase is used to indicate that one doesn’t understand what the other is saying.
Example: “Can you repeat what you were saying? I catch no ball.”
This expression appears at the beginning of a sentence, often used to express dismay. Think of it as something like “oh no!”
Example: “Aiyoh, the parking lot is full today!”
39. Die die must try
Ever had something so good that you just had to recommend it to your friends? That’s basically the essence of “die die must try.”
Example: “I’ve never had pizza as good as this one. You die die must try.”
40. Ang moh
Taken from Hokkien, this phrase literally means “red hair” to refer to Caucasians. Depending on the context, using it may or may not be derogatory, so use it with caution.
Example: “I’m having dinner with a handsome ang moh I met at the bar yesterday.”
This is a Malay word used for hitching a ride or tagging along. Sometimes, it can also be a request to ask someone to buy or get something on your behalf since they’re also doing the same thing.
Example: “Can I tompang your car on the way home?”
This Hokkien expression is used to refer to boredom or something that’s tiring. It’s often a complaint that you’ll hear when someone has to do something they don’t want to do.
Example: “I need to work overtime today. Sian.”
If you wish to invite someone out for lunch or dinner, you simply ask them if they want to “makan” with you.
Example: “I’m hungry lah. Let’s go makan?”
44. Wah lau eh!
This expression is used to exclaim disbelief or surprise often for something that’s not pleasant. In Hokkien, “wah lau” literally means “oh my dad,” with “eh” being added for emphasis.
Example: “Wah lau eh! I thought I already fixed that!”
45. Confirm plus chop
This simply means that you’re completely sure of something.
Example: “I swear I already booked the tickets, confirm plus chop.”
46. Jiak ba bui?
Here’s another food-related phrase that Chinese locals can appreciate. You’re literally asking them if they’ve eaten yet—a polite gesture that’s akin to asking someone how their day is going.
Example: “It’s getting late already. Jiak ba bui?”
47. Talk cock
This slang phrase is used to describe something as nonsensical. Fair warning: make sure to only use this in Singapore.
Example: “Stop talking cock. I know the truth.”
Use this Hokkien term if you think something is beautiful.
Example: “I saw a very swee dress on display today.”
Again, it’s not what you think it is. In Singapore, “shag” is used to describe extreme exhaustion.
Example: “I’m so shag. I stayed up all night finishing this TV series.”
50. Why you so liddat?
Finally, you may have also heard this a lot. “Why you so liddat” is an abbreviated form of “why are you like that,” and is commonly used to express dismay.
Example: “You cut me off again. Why you so liddat?”
And with that, we end our list of the 50 most essential phrases to know in Singapore. Think there are others that we failed to mention? Drop us a line!
If you’re a tourist discovering this website for the first time, we’ve written about many places and services that you can check out on your trip. For starters, here’s a detailed guide of must-visit museums in Singapore.